The Russian SME Observatory Report, 2001

Moscow, 2002


Russian SME Resource Centre under the EU Tacis project SMERUS9803

The Russian SME Observatory Report-2001 is the first Russian counterpart to the now well-established EU Observatory for SMEs It provides a detailed, comprehensive overview of the SME sector in Russia. The Russian SME Observatory aims:
1. To enable access to recent data and information for all SME-related stakeholders, essential for assessment of the major indicators of the SME sector;
2. To offer a format for widespread debate of issues relating to the SME sector.
The analysis brings together recent, previously unpublished data from state statistical sources, tax authorities, and statistics obtained from specially commissioned surveys, to offer a comprehensive overview of issues and trends. The Russian SME sector is described in the context of the overall legislative, budget situation and major goals of Russias economic policy.
The Observatory, for the first time in recent years, is able to report on convincing data indicating positive dynamic changes in the SME sector in Russia. The number of small enterprises, individual entrepreneurs and farmers, as of early 2001, was 5.6 million, with the number of individual entrepreneurs increasing annually by up to 250-300 thousand.
The Observatory highlights the point that Russian small business is a dynamic, developing and growing sector of Russias economy, which constitutes not less than 90% of the total number of enterprises. The report analyses real ways to assist the SME sector in its growth.
The Russian SME Observatory was developed by the Russian SME Resource Centre under the EU Tacis project SMERUS9803, and follows the concept and format of the EU Observatory for SMEs, as published for a decade. The target audience includes: SME support organizations at federal and regional levels, organizations developing market infrastructure, foreign and international donors, research scientists and scholars, and the general business community.

Executive Summary and Recommendations
Part I. Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Russia
Chapter 1. Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Russia
1.1. Defining the SME sector
1.2. Contribution of the SME sector to main economic indicators
1.3. Dynamics of SEE development
1.4. SEE Distribution by Industry and Region
1.5. Dynamics of enterprises and individual entrepreneurs: start-up, growth, liquidation
1.6. Dynamics of the life cycle of individual entrepreneurs
1.7. Demographic indicators of enterprises
1.8. All-Russia comparison of indicators for enterprises and individual entrepreneurs

Part II. SMEs on Markets
Chapter 2. The SME Output Market For Goods and Services
2.1. Evaluation of the SME Sector Market Share
2.2. The Dynamics and Evaluation of Small Enterprises Market Share
2.3. Analysis of SME Market Behaviour
Chapter 3. SMEs in the Labour Market
3.1. Makeup and Dynamics of SME Employment
3.2. Educational Background and Training
3.3. Recruitment and Firing
3.4. Types of Labour Contracts Used at SMEs
3.5. Contents of Labour Contracts
3.6. Wages at SMEs
3.7. Organisation of Labour and Working Conditions
3.8. Official Statistics on Occupational Safety and Working Conditions at SEs
3.9. The Role of Trade Unions at SMEs
3.10. Entrepreneurs' Views on the State Policy in Labour and Social Protection
Chapter 4. SME Finance
4.1. Financial statistics of enterprises
4.2. Market assessment of financial services for SME
Chapter 5. Innovations, technologies, electronic commerce and small and medium-size enterprises
5.1. Innovation business
5.2. Innovation business development strategy
5.3. Technoparks and business-incubators
5.4. Patents, licenses and technology transfer
5.5. Electronic commerce

Part III. Policy towards SMEs
Chapter 6. Enterprise institutions and policy guidelines
6.1. Place of the SME sector in General Development Strategy
6.2. Indicators of business climate
6.3. Framework of the general social-economic policy
6.4. Enterprise policy institutions
6.5. Latest major events in the SME policy
6.6. Information provision in SME policy development
6.7. Activity of foreign and international organizations in SME development in Russia
6.8. Enterprise in Russia past, present, future
Chapter 7. Fiscal and tax policy
7.1. The budget system of Russia
7.2. The tax system of Russia
7.3. Types of taxes and levies
7.4. Systems of tax statuses for small business agents
7.5. Tax statuses favoured by entrepreneurs
7.6. The tax contribution of small businesses and individual entrepreneurs to the budget system of Russia
7.7. Effect of government policies and legislative changes on tax payments (regional and federal levels)
7.8. Certain aspects of improving the tax system
Chapter 8. SME legal framework
8.1. Creation of the current legal system in Russia
8.2. The court and commercial arbitration system
8.3. The system of entrepreneurial law
8.4. Law enforcement practices and efficiency of legislation
Chapter 9. Financial Instruments for SMEs
9.1. Banking development
9.2. Development of Leasing
9.3. Microfinance
9.4. Credit guarantee schemes
9.5. Venture capital funding
9.6. Franchising


  • Full text of the Russian SME Observatory Report () 5877Kb
  • Part I of the book: a pdf file compressed by RAR, 2 bytes: Part 1 () 1950Kb
  • Part II of the book: a pdf file compressed by RAR, 2 bytes: Part II () 1929Kb
  • Part III of the book: a pdf file compressed by RAR, 2 bytes: Part III () 1901Kb
  • About the Russian SME Observatory Report () 10Kb
  • Announcement of the Russian SME Observatory () 123Kb
  • High Level International Seminar Russian SME Observatory () 11Kb
  • The Moscow Times () 4Kb
  • SMALL BUSINESS IN RUSSIA - 2002 () 463Kb
  • Executive Summary and Recommendations () 51Kb
  • Microsoft PowerPoint presentation () 941Kb


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